Sunday 14 May 2017

Book to TV: Anne with an E

Here I am, right on schedule to pronounce my judgement on the latest Anne of Green Gables adaptation, Netflix's Anne With An E. In the last two or three years I've been rather pleased by the abundance of different versions of Anne Shirley, what with last year's TV movie starring Ella Ballentine, and the two webseries, Green Gables Fables and Project Green Gables. But how does Anne With An E measure up to the rest?

The Ella Ballentine adaptation attempted to hint at a darker side to the familiar story, but it is a half-hearted effort, with little more than a few flashbacks to Anne's unhappy pre-Green-Gables life to add shadow. Ballentine is sweet and likeable, but her delivery of Anne's peculiar speeches feels calculated for effect; her "depths of despair" are melodramatic but quickly shrugged off. It sticks to the story, but on a surface level; it is the child's Anne. What makes Lucy Maud Montgomery's story stand out from her contemporaries like Pollyanna and Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm is her deft weaving of light and shadow; the light touch of sorrow makes the joy all the more rewarding. And so, it is not necessarily a bad thing that Anne With An E does explore more darkness than we are used to, mostly in examining how a childhood of neglect, drudgery and loneliness would form a character like Anne, with a second level exploring the attitudes of cliquey, small-town people towards an unknown orphan. There is some room to readjust the balance between darkness and light in this story, but it is a delicate process, to be handled with care, if Anne is not to skew too far either way. 

Anne With An E starts off with a superb pilot episode, sticking faithfully to the first fourteen chapters of the book, at least up to the last few minutes. Amy Beth McNulty is a wonderfully lovable and believable Anne - and unlike every other version where her plainness is in name only, her Anne is "terrible skinny and homely," all eyes and teeth and elbows. Her non-stop chatter is humorous and heartfelt, with an underlying desperation to please and to be loved. She is a more traumatised Anne than we've seen before, which does not take away from her endearing Anne qualities, but rather gives them more depth. Her imagination has helped her to survive. 

There is a solid supporting cast, especially R.H. Thomson and Geraldine James as Matthew and
Marilla Cuthbert. Marilla in particular is a "Spock" sort of character: it requires great subtlety to correctly convey the amount of emotion that goes on behind the repressed, stern facade, and James plays the part admirably. However, as in several of the other adaptations, it really bothers me that Anne's initial stay at Green Gables is dependent on her good behaviour; it does not sit well with me that Marilla would hold the threat of banishment over Anne like a weapon. Diana is a sweet girl and a devoted friend, without being Anne's shadow, and the series gives a different perspective towards her and her family; there is a noticeable difference in class between the Barrys and the Cuthberts. We also get to see a bit more of Aunt Josephine, and I enjoyed seeing a new side to this cantankerous old lady with a heart of gold. Gilbert Blythe passed the test; the popular boy in class, who is used to getting the girls' attention, mischievous but with a goodness and maturity that hints at the man he will become. Not that there's any room for the lovey-dovey stuff so early in the story, although Anne already doth protest too much.

I am open to different interpretations of Anne; I welcome them. I return to the story again and again because I get something new out of it every time I read it or watch an adaptation; if it was the same experience every time, I don't think it would be alive the way that it is. So I am not going to declare the story "ruined forever!" because another person reads it differently. Some of the scenes shown in Anne With An E did not work for me, but they gave me something to think about. I did not like Anne's frank speculations with her classmates about her teacher's relationship with Prissy Andrews - it seemed more Mary Vance from Rainbow Valley, a character who I view as the antithesis of Anne. And yet there was an innocence even in her scandalous breaking of taboos that she's not even aware of, that makes the scene make sense from another angle. The same could not be said about her lying about skipping school, when the show earlier worked so hard to establish Anne's honesty.

The faithfulness towards book details and historical setting varied wildly. The team worked hard at ensuring the right sorts of potatoes were used, and that Anne's schoolbook was correct, for example, and then might utterly blow it with something utterly anachronistic; a line of dialogue, the use of pinky-fingers in Anne and Diana's oath of friendship, and a progressive mother's group being so progressive that they use the words "feminism" and "suffragette" about twenty years before their first recorded use (if Anne With An E is set in 1876 like the book; the last two adaptations were brought forward to the turn of the century.) And it felt all wrong to show characters such as Mrs Andrews and Mr and Mrs Barry - the Cuthberts' nearest neighbours! - introducing themselves for the first time, when the defining characteristic of the Avonlea setting is that it is a small rural community where everyone knows everything about everyone else's business!

The publicity for Anne With An E, back when it was just called Anne, made a big point about introducing new themes of feminism and being true to yourself - except they are themes that have been in the text all along. Lucy Maud Montgomery was a remarkable woman for her time, very unusual to have a university education and an independent career, and throughout the books Anne defies society expectations with a similar determination. The addition of the minister telling Anne that she needs to learn to be a good wife, or the boys shouting at the girls to get back in the kitchen, felt like a heavy-handed imposition on the storytelling.

After the first episode, the plot takes ever-increasing detours away from the source material. I'm the person who takes note of every digression of the 1985 Megan Follows miniseries/film from the book; it (the first story, anyway) is so faithful there is only minutiae to criticise. I'm less of a purist than I used to be; I went into Anne With An E allowing for a lot of wiggle-room in the treatment of the story. It is an episodic book, so new episodes can be slotted in alongside the familiar ones, giving Anne new adventures without derailing the entire story. I didn't sit there saying "NO, IT DIDN'T HAPPEN LIKE THAT!" but considered each alteration under the question "could it have happened like that?" Sometimes yes, the changes fitted, and other times they did not. Some plot elements, although they did vary from the book, could have been written in collaboration with L.M. Montgomery herself, albeit the older, sadder Maud who wrote Rilla of Ingleside and The Blythes Are Quotes, the Maud revealed in her diaries. Other aspects felt heavily influenced by the Brontes, Dickens and Hardy. The narrative wanders off the path, then comes back for such key moments as the cracked slate, the raspberry cordial and the puffed sleeve dress, usually framed in a new and more sombre context. 

But with every step off the path, the plot gets further away from what is recognisably Anne, and I'm sorry to have to report that by the last episode, the series is well and truly lost in the Haunted Woods. Although I had a high tolerance for the series taking liberties with the plotline and the tone, I nearly switched off halfway through the final episode, watching one particular scene with absolute horror and fury. Unforgiveable is a strong word, and at the end of the day, even Anne of Green Gables is only a story, but one character's decision, and one newly-introduced plotline for a cliffhanger, felt like a violation of something precious. By the end, the dynamic of the story has changed, and I'm not sure how Anne With An E can find its way back to the sanctuary of Green Gables. 


  1. Yes, I agree with you on so much of this (obviously you know, you read my thoughts ;))! Really great review! :)

  2. I grew up reading the Anne of Green Gables books and as a young girl fell in love with the 1985 adaptation with Megan Follows. Anne of Green Gables was a world were I could feel apologetically me, with my freckles, my love of poetry or frilly lace things and the list could go on. However much a devotee I am to the 1985 Sullivan adaptation there is something to be admired about this new adaptation Anne with an E. Something raw and real that also captures Anne of Green Gables. The 1985 version was sweet and light, romanticized and delightful. This new adaptation explores the idea of a darker side of Anne's life and possibly is more transparent towards some of the social trials at that time. For example, I saw her arrival at the church picnic more realistic than the other version, not as cheery and welcoming which made me realize that not everyone may have been tolerant of an orphan or understanding and that maybe the arrival of Anne to Avonlea may have had a lot of people in judgement and it may have taken more time for people to see differently. I think that this yes deviates in many many ways from the book by Lucy Maud Montgomery and takes many liberties with an interpretation of what may have been a harsher truth and reality for almost each of our beloved characters but when I first saw the movie "Saving Mr. Banks" I couldn't watch Mary Poppins for months. I had no idea P.L.Travers had such a difficult life or that she was never happy with the Disney version of Mary Poppins because everyone loves Mary Poppins. However she had a very difficult life in many ways and she saw Mary Poppins very different than how we the public saw her. So maybe, I think Niki Caro saw something in this story that Lucy didn't directly come out and say in her books but were subtleties that she wanted to unravel and pursue and bring to life. Caro stays beautifully true to the landscape of Prince Edward Island and to the details of the era of 1897 which I truly appreciate and have enjoyed seeing this version of Anne even if it takes many darker turns down Green Gables. I may not have been so keen to this version had there not already been such a lighthearted and cheery version earlier but this has a little bit of how do I put it..." Game of Thrones" (even in the intro) darkness added to it that spices things up and I enjoyed it thus far..

  3. I quite disagree with your take on Anne with an E, I find it refreshingly lively and raw. I grew up on the 1985 Sullivan CBC series. I read the books many times and made Anne my "katie" who allowed me to be a freckled unapologetic, poetry loving eccentric girl of the 21st century and I think that Lucy herself would approve of this adaptation by Niki Caro. There is something, "Game of Thrones" to the intro and style of the filming. I enjoy the flashbacks and added darker sides to many of our beloved characters that the 1985 version kept light and cheery. This version maybe allows to see the uglier side of things for Anne or even Matthew but I don't think it takes away from the book or even from the other adaptation so well loved but allows us to review maybe our dark sides of life too. A good comparison would be the film, "Saving Mr. Banks" I had no idea that P.L. Travers was so upset with the adaptation of Disney's Mary Poppins nor did I know that her life was riddled with so many difficulties. Why how could it be? She created Mary Poppins! But the truth behind many of our stories isn't always as pretty and delightful as we would like. I truly think this has a fresh and modern take to Anne that adds color to the story and sheds a new light even if it is in shadowed light, on a great story and am pleased with the adaptation. Also
    in regards to the references of feminism, I think it is fair play as yes the movement really took hold about 20 years later but it had already began in 1848 and would have reached the ears of many who were interested by 1897. I truly hope you might consider giving this adaptation another chance just as Marilla gave Anne with an E another chance.
    Sincerely, a kindred spirit

  4. *Correction I think I was wrong about the date of 1897 and I think it would have been closer to mid 1870's given we don't know exactly Anne's birthday and such but still I think a valid point.


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